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Najlepiej użyj translatora, wybierz proste sensowne zdania i pisz na logikę :) http://translate.google.pl/translate_t?hl=pl#
The battle of Culloden had the place of the day on 16 April 1746 on the muddy slope in the vicinity Inverness in Scotland among Jacobites, supported by French armies, but armies of Jerzy of the II, reigning king from the Hanover dynasty.
In 1745 in Scotland a Prince Charles ended up Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie), wanting to regain the kingdom for one's father of Edward's Jakub, of which next father king II Jakub was driven out of the country in 1688, and William Orański assumed governments. However Jacobites coming mainly from clans of Scottish highlanders backed the candidacy of the king up behind seas – how Jakub of Edward Stuarta was being named. At the head of numerous Scottish clans Karol Edward set off to the South, capturing Edinburgh, capital city of the country.
Next Scottish insurgents achieved a victory under Prestopans (1745), where inflicted defeat on English armies. The insurrectionary army grew in strength and she counted about 5000 people. All the way to the town a Derby pursued Karol's army in centre England and they were going to move to London, however the 30 000 royal army after the information about approaching and of the desertion of about 1000 people Scotsmen commenced the retreat; following them Englishmen moved. However and this time strengthened insurgents with French regiments broke the stronger opponent under Falkirk of 17 January 1746 r. On the way back Jacobites wreaked havoc on mountain areas and they attacked forts and government institutions. In April 1746 r. Englishmen (8000 people) commanded by the prince Cumberland were again ready for the contest. Their branches (being composed mainly of Hanoverians) reached up to the inhospitable area of peat bogs and Culloden moors Moor, where armies of Jacobites located themselves (7000 people). In the night preceding the battle from rows of insurgents about 2000 people which dispersed in quest the food, dwindled and many fell asleep on the plain. At dawn, when Englishmen tricked a few km from a distance from Jacobean positions, in their camp a hurried wake-up was ordered. The battle started about godz. 13 when Englishmen tricked half a kilometre from a distance and they commenced the shellfire causing insurgents considerable damages. Then Scotsmen let the chaotic rank come near. The attack by Jacobites was defended with fire of English artillery. The first salvo knockdowned hundreds of Scotsmen. Accepting two royal regiments to oneself dispersed the first attack by rebels oneself what enabled about 500 Scotsmen to rush beyond the first enemy lines. Here however they came across the defence of the back row which surrounded and she broke the opponent. Other Jacobean brigade under Murray's rein was lost at that time on the battlefield and she got the opponent up to the strong fire. Soldiers of the regular English army fighting under Fontenoy said later that they had still never seen this many killed on the battlefield. In the end dragonia Hanover forced Scotsmen and Irish pikemen to the retreat which closed with their flight in panic. The next attack by the cavalry of royalists on the rear of Jacobites quickly ended the battle. Englishmen lost 52 killed and the 259 injured, Jacobites whereas over 2000 killed and wounded what was almost a half of the state of the entire army. The majority of rebels died after retreating from the battle chased by the cavalry of royalists. During the pursuit also hundreds of defenceless civilians which came died to observe the battle. After the battle Englishmen and Hanoverians combed the battlefield finishing off of the injured. The other injured was lost later in England. About 1000 prisoners of war were sold as slaves to American cotton plantations. Prince Charles Edward Stuart was led out of the battlefield and he spent 6 next months as the concurrence, so long he wasn't taken from Scotland by the French ship. Alone whereas Cumberland was called the Butcher from now on in Scotland.
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