Przetłumacz na polski...
Emigration of Poles abroad, starting from 2004, assumed large, while a change in travel direction, which is connected with Polish accession to the European Union.
Previous data on the size of foreign emigration of Poles, which were publicized by the Central Statistical Office, concerned above all trips on a permanent basis and very limited information about the travel time, but only those that were documented in the system of population registers.
For the first time in 2003, even during the Polish accession to the European Union, have disseminated results of census 2002, which clearly pointed to a large number of Poles living abroad temporarily in 2002, described in the target countries, the emigration of Poles. According to the results of the last census in May 2002 there were 786 thousand abroad. Polish citizens, including more than 626 thousand. for at least 12 months is, therefore, a group of these people had by then resident status in another country. It should be recalled that in 2002, most Poles were in such European countries as Germany (294 thousand.) Italy (39 thousand.) United Kingdom (24 thousand.) And France (nearly 21 thousand.), And outside Europe -- in the United States (158 thousand.) and Canada (29 thousand)..
Ways of emigration abroad, we are seeing from May 2004 are clearly dependent on the labor markets in individual EU member states. Since the beginning of our membership in the Union of Poles were open for three labor markets in the United Kingdom, Ireland and Sweden. Another labor markets opened the following countries: Spain, Portugal, Finland and Greece (1 th May 2006), from 31 July 2006 - Italy, and from May 1, 2007 - The Netherlands. At the same time after 1 May 2006. new countries of the old 15-ki "began to introduce some facilitating the access of workers - from countries newly admitted to the Community - to their labor markets, in particular, this was France, Belgium and Denmark. The liberalization of the rules applicable to certain sectors of the economy or specific population groups, ie, persons having qualifications in distinguished professions. At the beginning of November. German government plans to open labor market to Polish engineers, in turn, the government of Luxembourg declared at the same time - full opening of the labor market to Polish citizens.
CSO presented for the first time since the Polish entry into the European Union - estimate the size and direction of foreign emigration of Poles. This estimate defines the so-called. Immigration resources in the different EU countries, ie the number of Poles who were temporarily in these countries at the end of the year - in 2004 - 2006. Due to different accounting systems, migration and other administrative data available, less statistics - as in Poland and in the individual EU member states - the results prepared by the CSO estimate - should be regarded as approximate.
It is estimated that at the end of 2006 outside Polish borders were staying temporarily about 1950 thousand. people (about 1000 thousand. in 2004 and 1450 thousand. in 2005) - the inhabitants of our country, with over 1600 thousand. in Europe (about 1200 thousand. in 2005). The vast majority of Polish immigrants lived in the EU member states - about 1550 thousand. in 2006 and this figure increased by 380 thousand. within only one year and nearly doubled in the period of our EU membership. This estimate also takes account of the Poles who lived a long time outside Polish borders, including in the EU, regardless of their residency status.