Australia is an island, and it is also a continent. It is very big - about 4,000 kilometres from east to west, and about 3,700 kilometres from north to south. Today people from many different origins live in Australia. It is a modern, multi-cultural society. Australians speak English because the first settlers who arrived there, about 250 years ago, were British.But fro 50,000 years only the Aboriginal people lived in Australia. They were nomads. They walked across the country and lived off the land. They ate plants and wild animals. To find their way they used things like plants, rocks and rivers. They were important because they gave directions, bus they also had a religious and cultural meaning. One of these rocks is a sacred place for Aborigines. Ayer's Rock is in the heart of Australia. It is a huge rock which dominates the flat land all around. It is 300 metres tall, but continues under theground for 3 kliometres. It is like an iceberg in the desert. In the Aboriginal language the rock is called Uluru. They believe the their ancetors liver there. Today there are still Aborigines in Australia, but they are only about 1% of the population. Many of them live in towns. People all over the world are interested in their culture. Aboriginal culture is on of the oldest cultures in the world.
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