Fryderyk Franciszek Chopin was the greatest Polish composer who was born in 1810 in Zelazowa Woli.Jego father, Nicholas Chopin, was French by birth, lived and worked as a tutor. His mother, Justyna Krzyżanowski came from Kujawy. She was a very musical person - she played the piano and sang, in a natural way thus became the first music teacher for a small Frycka, how often they called him at home. A few months after the birth of Frederick Chopin family moved to Warsaw, where his father took a job as a teacher in the Warsaw Lyceum. At the age of six years the boy began piano lessons with Wojciech Żywny. Together with his older sister Ludwika musicians at home, most notably playing for four hands. As a sixteen year old Chopin began studying the theory of composition with Jozef Elsner in Warsaw School of Music. During this period, a very significant impact on the development of his talent had intercourse with folk songs and dances of Mazovia, Kujawy, Wielkopolska and Lublin, where he listened with great interest during the holiday spent among others in Szafarnia, Antonin, Sanniki. In 1826 he made his first foreign trip to Berlin, and soon to Vienna (where he appeared in public twice) and to Dresden and Prague. At the age of nineteen he graduated from Chopin music prof. ElsneraW October 1830, Frederick was the last time appeared before an audience of Warsaw. November 2, 1830, he left Warsaw for ever, going first to Dresden, then to Vienna, Salzburg, Munich and 1839 years StuttgartuOd health of a patient with Chopin's tuberculosis worsened every year. In 1848 he was the last concert tour in England and Scotland, giving the 16 November last public concert in London, after which seriously ill. After returning to Paris, did not regain health. He died on 17 October 1849 in an apartment in the Place Vendome, the 12th He was buried at Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris. Chopin's heart is in Warsaw, in the Church of St. Cross confirmed the city.
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