Odpowiedzi

2010-04-09T13:21:13+02:00
Butanol:
CH₃-CH₂-CH=CH₂ + H₂O -> CH₃-CH₂-CHOH-CH₃
CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-CH₂Br + KOH -> CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-CH₂OH + KBr

buten:
CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-CH₂OH -(Al₂O₃, temp.)-> CH₃-CH₂-CH=CH₂ + H₂O
CH₃-CH₂-CH₂-CH₂Cl KOH -(alkohol)-> CH₃-CH₂-CH=CH₂ + KCl + H₂O

butyn:
CH₃-CH₂-CH₂Cl-CH₂Cl + 2KOH -(alkohol)-> CH₃-CH₂-CH(potrójne)CH
CH₃-CH₂-CHCl₂-CHCl₂ + 2Zn ->CH₃-CH₂-CH(potrójne)CH