Odpowiedzi

2010-04-14T15:52:52+02:00
R1-COOH + R2OH ---H2SO4--->R1-COO-R2 + H2O
2010-04-14T15:54:20+02:00


1 . HCOOH + CH3OH ==st. H2SO4==> HCOOCH3 + H2O

ESTER: MRÓWCZAN METYLU
ALKOHOL: METANOL
KWAS: KWAS MRÓWKOWY

2 . CH3COOH + CH3OH ==st.H2SO4==> CH3COOCH3 + H2O

ESTER: OCTAN METYLU
ALKOHOL: METANOL
KWAS: KWAS OCTOWY

3 . CH3COOH + C2H5OH ==st.H2SO4==>CH3COOC2H5 + H2O

ESTER: OCTAN ETYLU
ALKOHOL: ETANOL
KWAS: KWAS OCTOWY
4 . HCOOH + C2H5OH ==st.H2SO4==>HCOOC2H5 + H2O

ESTER: MRÓWCZAN ETYLU
ALKOHOL: ETANOL
KWAS: KWAS MRÓWKOWY

5 . CH3 -CH2-COOH + CH3OH ==st.H2SO4==> CH3-CH2-COOCH3 + H2O

ESTER:PROPIONIAN METYLU
ALKOHOL: METANOL
KWAS: KWAS PROPIONOWY

6 . CH3-CH2-COOH + C2H5OH ==st.H2SO4==> CH3-CH2-COOC2H5 + H2O

ESTER: PROPIONIAN ETYLU
ALKOHOL: ETANOL
KWAS: KWAS PROPIONOWY

7 . CH3-CH2-COOH + CH3-CH2-COOH ==st.H2SO4==>CH3-CH2-COOCH2-CH2-CH3 + H2O

ESTER: PROPIONIAN 1-PROPYLU
ALKOHOL: PROPAN-1-OL
KWAS: KWAS PROPIONOWY

8 . HCOOH + CH3-CH2-CH2-OH ==st.H2SO4==> HCOOCH2-CH2-CH3 + H2O

ESTER: MRÓWCZAN 1-PROPYLU
ALKOHOL: PROPAN-1-OL
KWAS: KWAS MROÓWKOWY

1. CH3COOH + CH3CH2CH2OH ==st.H2SO4==> CH3COOCH2CH2CH3 + H2O

ESTER: OCTAN 1-PROPYLU
ALKOHOL: PROPAN-1-OL
KWAS: KWAS OCTOWY

10 . HCOOH + CH3-CH-CH3 ==st.H2SO4==> HCOOCH-CH3 + H2O
..............................|...............................................|
..............................OH..........................................CH3

ESTER: MRÓWCZAN 2-PROPYLU
ALKOHOL: PROPAN-2-OL
KWAS: KWAS MRÓWKOWY