Poland, officially the Republic of Poland - the country located in Central Europe on the Baltic Sea. Border with Germany (West), Czech Republic and Slovakia (the south), Ukraine and Belarus (the east), the north-east of Lithuania and in the north of Russia (Kaliningrad Oblast). Moreover, Polish exclusive economic zone limit in the Baltic Sea bordered by zones of Denmark and Sweden.
In terms of surface area is 68 place in the world and ninth in Europe. In terms of population is 33 place in the world. The country is divided into 16 provinces which are divided into districts and municipalities.
Conventional date for the establishment of the Polish state is often taken 966 years, when the ruler Mieszko I accepted Christianity. Poland became a kingdom in the year 1025, and in 1569 formed a union with Lithuania. The greater part of its history, the Republic of Poland was a sovereign, multiethnic and multi.
The state survived until 1795, when the territory was divided between the three invaders: the Kingdom of Prussia, Russian Empire and Austria (the partitions of Polish). Poland regained its independence in 1918 after the First World War. During World War II the country was occupied by Nazi Germany and the USSR. The number of war victims is estimated at over 6 million Polish citizens. After the war, Poland became a socialist republic, depending on the Soviet Union. In 1989, a change in the political system of parliamentary democracy and a return to a market economy.
Poland is a member of such European Union, NATO, UN, OECD, the WTO.