It is the largest city in the northeastern part of the Polish, the other in terms of population density in the country, the capital of the Podlaskie region. Received city rights in 1692. Located in an area called. Polish Green Lungs. Over 30% of the city is green areas.
Due to the proximity in relation to the border with Russia, Lithuania and Belarus, the city is a hub of trade in the east. Thanks to its specific geographical location of Bialystok became a true cultural conglomerate - is inhabited by minorities: Belarusian, Russian, Roma, Tatar, and Ukrainian. It's the largest concentration of Orthodox Church in Poland, their organizations here have also Protestants, Muslims and Buddhists.
Can be found here, among others. many churches - the oldest is a late-Renaissance Old Parish Church, Orthodox churches and a palace-park Branicki. Within the urban area of Bialystok was also part of the NNP, and two nature reserves.
As the capital of Podlaskie, Bialystok is the main economic center of north-eastern part of the country and carrying out administrative functions. Together with seven neighboring municipalities creates Bialystok conurbation.
History, geography and location make the city an international center of cultural exchange. For hundreds of years living here together for minorities, such as the Belarusian, Russian, Roma, Tatar, and Ukrainian. Proximity of borders with Russia, Lithuania and Belarus, also allows the dynamic trade with its eastern neighbors, whose influence is integrated with the image of the city. Numerous synagogues, churches and churches come together in a unique architecture of the city. The presence of so many traditions and languages are also reflected in speaking inhabitants of Bialystok and the surrounding area and manifests itself in a specific dialect, which can be found from the linguistic patterns of language: Polish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, Russian, Ukrainian and Yiddish. Dialect was probably the inspiration for Ludwik Zamenhof when creating your language Esperanto. Because of the diversity of nationalities among the inhabitants of Bialystok is the most important events of National Minorities Festivals held annually. During World War II in Bialystok, there was one of 13 Gett created by the Nazis.
Located on the Plains Podlaska Bialystok, occupies the western regions, Białystok Upland White River. Because of the green areas occupy approximately 32% of the province, it is called "Green Lungs of Polish". Agglomeration includes areas of the NNP, and since 1933 participates in the international project "Healthy Cities Network, created by the World Health Organization (WHO). What's more, the city is surrounded by the oldest known in Europe, a unique concentration of natural units, the Bialowieza Forest, which is a stronghold for the bison (endangered species of placental mammals).