Henryk Sienkiewicz was born on 5 May 1846 Will Okrzejska in Podlasie. He came from an impoverished family, gentry, and the mother was related to the greatest noble families. At home, cultivated patriotic tradition and the cult of chivalry past ancestors.
The future writer educated in Warsaw, the first real high school and later at the Central School. After a year of medical school to the university's philological-historical. During this time he made his debut as a journalist, printing
under the pseudonym "Litwos" columns in the Warsaw press.
In 1872, Sienkiewicz has announced his first novel in print, "In vain," in which critics saw the emerging literary talent. He also published "Humoreski the portfolio Worszyłły. Above all, however, was a journalist and remained
with their work. Bought up the company with his colleagues a letter Niwa, where he ran the literary department. The "Niwa" appeared in three of his novels: "The old servant," Hania "and" Selim Mirza.
The latter has been printed, when Winston Churchill stayed in North America. He left there in 1876.
together with a group of friends, among whom was the Helena Modjeska Polish actress-most famous nineteenth century were the fruits of American Travel "Letters from a trip to America" printed in Polish Gazeta "and two wonderful stories:" Lamplighter "and" Memories of Maripozy. Great impression on the writer had great spaces "New World", tough, courageous people and the fate of rugowanych Indians by white settlers from their lands. The shocking story "Sach" - a story of one survivor of the massacre an Indian child, the son of a chief writer of Black Snake-noticed similarities fate of the enslaved peoples, Indians and Poles.
In 1879 Sienkiewicz returned to the country. Continued to work as a journalist. He lived in Warsaw. After long efforts, he married Mary Szetkiewiczówną. United their great love. Unfortunately, after only four years of marriage She died. She left two small children. Sienkiewicz was so attractive "party" that he quickly began swatać
and maybe a little under the influence of these persuasions Sienkiewicz, married a second time with Mary-Romanowiczówną. This relationship
did not survive even a few months, the honeymoon the young couple returned separately.
For five years, from 1883 to 1888, the writer worked on "Trilogy". "With Fire and Sword" has been accepted very warmly by readers. Publication of the fragments was the reason for nationwide discussion on the history and literature. The next part of the "Trilogy" - "The Deluge" and "Pan Michael" no longer provoked such violent reactions.
Sienkiewicz traveled a lot. Soon after the death of his first wife, once arranged for family matters, he left
a journey to Constantinople, Athens and southern Italy. The next year he went to Spain in 1890 was held a long and dangerous journey to Africa. Correspondence despatched from there to the national newspapers. Many years later he returned to the memories of this trip when writing novels for young people "In Desert and Wilderness".
After returning to the country Sienkiewicz, published two novels today: "Without dogma" and "Family Polanyetskis.
The latter was the subject of severe criticism. The author was accused of siding with the side of well-fed and powerful, conservative social and obyczajowy. The writer returned to the subject in historical works such as "Quo Vadis" and "Knights". Thanks to the "Quo Vadis" Polish literature has been recognized in Europe, just as in this novel Sienkiewicz reached to the common Christian roots of European culture. The history of persecution of the first followers of Christ as the Emperor Nero Sienkiewicz brought fame and the highest possible awards-the Nobel Prize in literature.
In a country artist enjoyed great respect. For many Poles, he was a cult writer. The proof of love and recognition received as a gift from the society-Oblegorek estate, situated in the province of Kielce. Today it houses the museum of the writer.
In 1914, world war broke out. Sienkiewicz traveled to Switzerland, where he started organizing humanitarian aid to the Poles. He worked in the General Committee to Aid Victims of War in Poland. He collaborated with Ignacy Paderewski. Died 15 November 1916 in Vevey. His ashes were eight years later was brought to Warsaw, and the date of their submission in the crypt of the Cathedral. John became a national holiday.