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Poland, officially Republic Poland – state put in Centre Europe at the Baltic Sea. He is bordering with Germany (in the West), with Czechs and Slovakia (in the South), with Ukraine and Belarus (in the East), on the north-east with Lithuania and in the North with Russia (Kaliningrad circumference). Moreover the Polish border of the exclusive enterprise zone on the Baltic is bordering with zones of Denmark and Sweden. In terms of the area he is taking 68. place on world and ninth in Europe. In terms of the population he is filling 33. place on world. The country is divided in 16 provinces which are divided into districts and communes. There is often accepted year 966 for the establishment date stipulated in the contract of the Polish state, when master Mieszko and adopted the Christianity. Poland became the kingdom in year 1025, and she tied the union with Lithuania into 1569. By the majority of one's history Republic Poland was an independent state, wieloetnicznym and wielowyznaniowym. It survived you to 1795, when territory was divided between three invaders: the Kingdom of Prussia, the Russian Empire and Austria (so-called disassemblies of Poland). Poland regained independence in 1918 after the First World War. During the II world war the country was occupied by the III Crowd and the USSR. the Number of war deaths is being estimated at over 6 million Polish citizens. After the war Poland became the socialist republic dependent on the USSR. in 1989 a change of the political system took place for the parliamentary democracy and the return to the market economy. Poland is a member among others of European Union, NATO, UN, OECD, WTO.
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