National Independence Day is a public holiday in Poland celebrated every year on 11 November to commemorate the anniversary of Poland's assumption of independent statehood in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia.
The foundation of the Second Polish Republic is considered a key event by many Poles.The process of restoration of Poland's independence was gradual; the date chosen is the one on which Józef Piłsudski assumed control of Poland. The Independence Day was constituted in 1937 and was celebrated only twice before World War II. In the People's Republic of Poland (PRL) the national holiday was moved to 22 July the day the PKWN Manifesto was issued. In 1989 the Independence Day was moved back to November 11.
* 5 November 1916 – Act of November 5th
* 14 January 1917 – The Temporary Council of the State started its activity.
* 12 November 1917 – Regency Council took over responsibilities.
* 7 October 1918 – Regency Council announced Poland's independence.
* 25 October 1918 – Józef Świeżyński was the first Polish prime minister.
* 6/7 November 1918 – Ignacy Daszyński established a Polish provisional government.
* 10 November 1918 – Józef Piłsudski came to Warsaw.
* 11 November 1918 – Piłsudski was appointed Commander in Chief of Polish forces by the Regency Council and was entrusted with creating a national government for the newly independent country.