Is a city in New York, the largest in terms of city population in the United States. "The city that never sleeps", also known as "Big Apple". It lies on the eastern (Atlantic) coast, at the mouth of the Hudson River and East River to the Gulf of New York. Regarded as a world center of such Advertising and media (until recently, the financial statements). In New York City headquarters of the UN.
New York is among the most densely populated places in the United States. Population exceeds 8.3 million of the city, covers an area of 1214 kilometers square, which gives a density of about 10 thousand. persons per km square.
New York was founded in 1614 by the Dutch on the island of Manhattan as a commercial trading post, in 1625 founded New Amsterdam settlement, the main port colony of New Netherlands. New Amsterdam city rights gained in 1653. In 1664, together with the colony was captured by the British and renamed New York. In 1673 Dutch regained the city, but under the peace in Westminster, February 19, 1674 gave the city the British in exchange for recognition of the rights to Dutch Surinam. In the eighteenth century, when the U.S. War of Independence (1775-83) British army led occupation of the city. In the years 1785-90 was the seat of the United States. In 1929, crash on New York Stock Exchange began the great world economic crisis. September 11, 2001 carried out a terrorist attack on World Trade Center attack which killed about 3,000 people, including 343 firefighters FDNY (Fire Department New York City Fire Department or New York) and the whole complex was destroyed World Trade Center.
New York is the largest in terms of population, the U.S. city. The total number of New Yorkers in 2005 was 8 213 839 (an increase from 7.3 million in 1990). This represents approximately 40% of the population of the entire state of New York. Demographers predict that by 2030 the city will live 9,2-9,5 million people. The population density is very high and amounts to 10 194 persons / km ² (25 sq mi 846/km in Manhattan).
The city says more than 40 languages, and most immigrants from the Dominican Republic, China, Jamaica, Russia, Italy, Polish, India and Romania.
The city is divided into 5 districts (the Boroughs)
- Staten Island