Guinea pig originates from South America, initially appeared in areas of Peru, Brazil and Paraguay. Has been domesticated by the Incas and widespread in a large part of South America. Came to Europe with the first explorers and became often bred pet. In South America, guinea pig meat is a delicacy, roasted guinea pigs are served in restaurants.
Guinea pig, once a popular laboratory animal used in scientific research, now is being replaced by mice and rats, which multiply rapidly.