Edward VII (Albert Edward Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) (born November 9, 1841 in Buckingham Palace in London, died May 6, 1910 ibid), King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the British dominions, the emperor of India from 22 January 1901. Son of Queen Victoria. The reign of Edward has brought a breath of freshness in the field of manners - a conservative, Queen Victoria became a symbol of prudery, her son was famous for its entertainment lifestyle. In contrast to the mother rather not take direct part in ruling the country, addressing the duties of the representation. His visits to Paris and engaging way of being planted into the ground but the British-French agreement (at the turn of the century France and the United Kingdom to treat each other with suspicion and often hostility and) and the emergence Trójporozumienia, which joined Russia.
Edward VIII (1894-1972), king of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Emperor of India. Son of George V and Queen Mary. Forced to abdicate almost immediately after assuming the throne in 1936, because of the romance and marriage with a divorced American Wallis Simpson.
After the resignation of the throne, had emigrated from the UK. Between 1940-1945, he served as governor of the Bahamas. He died in France.
Queen Elizabeth II, responsible. Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, called Elizabeth Alexandra Mary (born April 21, 1926 in London), Queen of Great Britain the House of Windsor, crowned June 2, 1953, daughter of King George VI and his wife - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, zw. Queen-mother. In addition to the dignity of Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is also the head of 15 other countries: Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Grenada, Canada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Pitcairn Islands, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Tuvalu and the Solomon Islands. Man of the Year 1952 by the magazine Marie Windsor Time.Elżbieta Alexander was born at 17 Burton Street in Mayfair in London on April 21, 1926 Her father was Prince Albert of York, later King George VI. Her mother was Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, daughter of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14 Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorn. Elizabeth was christened in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace by Cosmo Lang, Archbishop of York. Her godparents were his grandfather, King George V and Queen Mary his wife, Mary Windsor, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood, Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, grandfather, Lord Strathmore, and Mary Elphinstone, Lady Elphinstone.
First name received from his mother, after his second prababce, Queen Alexander, the third after his grandmother, Queen Mary. As a child I was called by his family, "Lilibet. She spent her childhood in Piccadilly Road 145, where they lived then Yorkowie. Her education to deal with nanny, later maid of the queen, Margaret MacDonald, nicknamed "Bobo". Elizabeth was an obedient child, but convinced of his high position and made sure its due rank. When in 1930 the future Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain said to her "Good morning, little lady, the princess replied," I am a little lady, I'm the princess Elizabeth.
As the granddaughter of the reigning British monarch in the male line was entitled to the title "Her Royal Highness." Its full title was: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth of York. At the time of birth occupied third place in the line of succession to the British throne after his uncle, Prince of Wales and his father. Although her birth was accompanied by the public interest, then it was unlikely that Elizabeth inherited the throne of Great Britain.
The Prince of Wales, however, had no offspring, was not even married. Elizabeth had a brother who is (and even younger) it out ahead in the line of succession to the throne. Elizabeth was only four years younger sister, Margaret.
In 1932, Elizabeth with her parents and sister ( "our four" - as George VI used to say) moved to the Royal Lodge in the park at Windsor Castle. A year later, education was entrusted to the princess guwernantce Marion Crawford, called "Crawfie. Elizabeth grew up with her sister in isolation, away from peers, which was supposed to protect Elizabeth from childhood diseases (for which, and so ill as an adult person). Elizabeth, in which the governess noticed "unwavering sense of duty," she learned at a very simple program - history (more brilliance to the UK), places (to get to know the magnitude of the British Empire) and the Bible. As an heiress to the crown will then learn the history of a state law.
Education program was modest and had its shortcomings. A few years before assuming the throne of Elizabeth Bobo maid confided: At the table I do not understand what people are talking around me. I am filled with dread at the thought of sitting among foreigners discussing topics that are completely unknown to me. The future queen she was a child a serious, organized and systematic. Sometimes it is to get up out of bed in the evening to check whether the clothes in the closet are well made. Got candy according to size and ate them from smallest to largest.
George V, George Frederick Ernest Albert Windsor, up to 1917 of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (born June 3, 1865 - died. January 20, 1936) King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (since 1927, "Great Britain and Northern Ireland) and Emperor of India from 6 May 1910. The first monarch of the name of Windsor. During World War I changed his name to Windsor, because so far wrong about the German origin in England associate. In his reign, in 1922, the British Empire reached a size of 36.6 million kilometers ², making it the largest country in the history of mankind.
George was born at Marlborough House and was the second son of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales and his wife, the Danish Princess Alexandra (daughter of the King - Christian IX and Louise of Hesse-Kassel). George's baptism took place on 7 July 1865 at Windsor Castle. His elder brother was Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale. The boys grew up together under the guidance of Reverend Dalton, rector of Sandringham. Both boys were not too smart and did not achieve success in school.
It's hard to imagine, looking at his later life, but George was a very mischievous child. Live close to him, "His Royal Highness The Cucumber" (The High Royal Pickle). One day as a guest of her grandmother, Queen Victoria, at Osborne House, Prince George, suddenly disappeared from sight his guests. Begin to search for and someone points out bare foot sticking out from under the drapes. The Queen tells her grandson go from there. George slowly executes the command and appears like a silver platter nude, naked, like a wall of the church. Disgusted the Queen asked what prompted him to do so. George replied that he wanted to do something yet no one ever did.
In January 1877, along with his older brother started serving aboard HMS Britannia. Over the next two years serves as a cadet. Nicknamed by his colleagues 'Herrings', does not lose his sense of humor and often goes to jail or losing ticket. In 1879, is a lieutenant in the Navy and begin serving on HMS Bacchante. Within three years aboard the cruiser would reach to Australia and Japan. October 8, 1883 George receives a diploma, the Navy captain. His career is gaining momentum interrupted in 1892 when the newly minted commander learns of the death of his elder brother. Stricken with typhus shortly. New responsibilities and the need to leave the ranks of the Royal Navy a depressing effect on George, appointed in 1892, the Duke of York. In 1898, his last full service on board HMS Cressent, then there is the Navy, although sentiment to it (as well as sea sickness) it will remain for subsequent years.
George VI, Albert Frederick Arthur George Windsor (George VI of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) (born December 14, 1895 in York Cottage, Sandringham, died. February 6, 1952 ibid) - since 1936 King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Dominions , Emperor of India until 1947, the king of India from 1947-1949, king of Ireland in the period 1936-1949. Brother Edward VIII. Succeeded to the throne after his abdication. Gained popularity and respect when, during the German bombing of London did not leave the city, although nine times the bombing took place pałacu.Jako grandson of Queen Victoria Albert was the birth of His Highness styled Prince Albert of York. In 1898, he issued an ordinance that gave the children the eldest son of the Prince of Wales Royal Highness the predicate. Since 1898, so Albert was styled His Royal Highness Prince Albert of York.
Albert was a child in poor health, timid and zakompleksionym, having a tendency to cry. Whole life had problems with your stomach. Shook him to his knees and to prevent the bus had to wear uncomfortable. From 5 years of age was strongly affected by stuttering, which was due to compel him to write with his right hand, while the prince was left-hander. Whole life had difficulty with writing (his diary is full of spelling errors) and correct the celebration.
Queen Victoria died on 22 January 1901, the Prince of Wales ascended the throne as Edward VII. Duke of York received the title of Duke of Cornwall. Albert was now styled His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Cornwall and York. When later in 1901, Edward VII gave his son the title Prince of Wales, Albert title changed to His Royal Highness Prince Albert of Wales. He was then third in line to the throne.