Robert Louis Stevenson (born November 13, 1850 in Edinburgh, died. December 3, 1894 at Vailima on Samoa) - Scottish novelist, poet and journalist traveler neoromantyzmu chief representative in English literature.
Stevenson was born in Edinburgh (Scotland). His father, Thomas Stevenson, and grandfather, Robert Stevenson were the designers and engineers. Writer from his mother, Margaret Balfour took over weak lungs (perhaps tuberculosis). Stevenson spent the winter at home and nurse him reading a Bible. During the summer he was invited to play on the air. He was prepared to follow in the footsteps of his father and grandfather, but did not accept this. Decided to study English literature. He spent the rest of his life traveling and seeking a better climate for his health. He died at the age of 44 on the stroke, caused by the greater part of zażywniem life of opium and laudanum. His wife since 1880 was Fanny Vandegrift Osbourne, who had three children from his first marriage (Isobel Lloyd and Hervey Osbourne'owie). Stevenson's novels are the flagship Treasure Island, Kidnapped in his youth, or Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde.