Culture (from Lat. Colere = "cultivation, care, nurture, education) - an ambiguous term, originally derived from Latin. Cultus agri (tilth), interpreted differently by the representatives of various disciplines. Culture can be defined as the totality of human creations, both material and intangible: spiritual, symbolic (such as patterns of thinking and behavior).
Most often understood as a whole spiritual and material achievements of society. Is often equated with civilization. Also characteristic of a society's ethos, and what in human behavior is learned, as opposed to what is biologically inherited.
The whole knowledge of the culture tries to examine the body of knowledge that is cultural, but also on different aspects of the culture of the focus: philosophy of culture, cultural history, cultural anthropology, sociology of culture, ethnography and Memetics.
In science, unlike in everyday language, the term "culture" is not evaluating.
Main areas of culture:
* Material culture: all human creations, techniques, and practical skills.
* Spiritual culture: beliefs, knowledge, literature and all kinds of literature, the arts, including visual arts, theater, music, video, and everything that belongs to the products of the mind, such as philosophy;
of culture for social, moral norms, ideology, participation in cultural life;
+ Language and culture: Communication in accordance with the current (in a given society) standard language
the political culture: the value systems and patterns of behavior (politicians, parties) participating in the exercise of state power or aspiring to that role;
of physical culture: a system of behaviors and activities associated with care for the physical development of man;
+ Physical education, sport, physical recreation, rehabilitation, tourism.