Bialowieza National Park
BNP is situated in Bialowieza Forest, Eastern Lowlands Podlasko-Belarusan, land Mazury-Podlaska, the natural-forest area of the Bialowieza Forest. The park area is 10,502 hectares, of which 9594 hectares is covered by forests.
The richness of the local forest can best be seen in the local forest piętrowości hailstones. The highest occupied floor, often exceeding 50 m in height, single spruce. Lower height (40 m) reach the oaks, limes and maples. Lowest, because up to 20 meters, growing hornbeam. Bialowieza Forest is a living environment for the vast as our climate zone, the number of animal species. Starting with invertebrates: protozoa, płazińców, obleńców, brzuchorzęsków, molluscs, earthworms, niesporczaków, spiders, mites and many other insects, to vertebrates: fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals - not found in the forest of the presence of more than 12 thousand species of animals. Across Poland, there are approximately 35-40 thousand. Bialowieza Forest is the best preserved natural forest on the European Plain. Over 2 / 3 of the park occupy deciduous forests. Occupy the largest area of oak-hornbeam forests (oak-hornbeam), which grow in most fertile soils of the forest. In areas flooded with water for several months, rising alder and riverine forests, consisting mainly of black alder and ash. In drier areas the forests are growing pine, spruce and mixed. There is an 20 species of forest. Overall flora of the park has 1,000 species of plants, including 728 species of vascular plants, 277 species of lichens, and over 3000 species of fungi. Of particular rare plants include European globe flower, Siberian kosaćca, arnica and violet swamp.
To the Bialowieza National Park each year comes around 140 000 tourists. Most objects are Reserve Demo aurochs, the museum of the BNP and BNP strict protection zone. Areas of strict protection (protective Compound Orłówka) and museum visitors may enter only with licensed guides. Available in this area are trails to Oak Jagiello and continue to pine bartnych (visiting time about 3 hours). Within the Conservation Hwoźna run two marked walking and cycling routes with a length of 6.5 kilometers and 11.5 kilometers. In the valley Narewka tower was built to observe the animals. Great popularity also reserve the Bison Demo and Museum of Natural History.