Tigers, currently the largest predators of the world for centuries have been given special reverence. In China, the tiger was considered to be the king of animals, in Buddhism, was a symbol of hospitality and piety, and in Japan - one of four good spirits. His body parts were considered as talismans for protection against evil powers.
Tiger usually meant belligerence, beauty, courage, immortality, but krwiożerczość, greed and anger. Often depicted as a symbol of the earth, in opposition to the dragon - the symbol of heaven.
Let yourself why today became only the product, which can be used mercilessly in order to primarily material benefits?
Populations of tigers throughout their range (including the Russian Far East) are at risk, either directly by poachers, either through the disappearance of the respective communities and victims. In many places they are fighting for the survival of the populations of people rozrastającymi competing for resources like food and shelter.
Trapped for fur and bones, these animals are disappearing in many areas. Until the 30s of the twentieth century, the main cause of decline in the tiger population was probably hunting for entertainment. From 1940 to the end-1980s, has become the greatest threat to the environment associated with the loss of the human population grows and its activities, such as forest harvesting.
Risks can be divided into two categories: the poaching and killing in retaliation, among other things related to trafficking in tiger parts and the conflict between humans and wildlife, and environmental destruction and fragmentation, including the illegal harvesting and commercial plantations.
The reason for the extinction of tigers is money. There are also other factors, but it is not a simple case of human population expansion and the struggle for living space. There is a clear link between money and the increasing pace of ginięcia tigers. Producing palm oil companies cut down forests inhabited by tigers in Indonesia and Malaysia. And what about palm oil have to do with us? Quite a bit: is szmince, ice cream or detergents.
Traditional "drugs" - the curse of the Tigers
In recent years, a serious problem became illegal killing of tigers for their body parts used in traditional Chinese medicine. Observed increase in wealth in the South Asian and East Asian economies since the 70s of the twentieth century, leading to ever growing demand for such drugs. Also, Asian communities in Europe and North America are important markets. Known to many hundreds of Bengal tigers killed by poachers in India, but this is probably only the tip of the iceberg itself, because its very nature, most of the poaching takes place in secret and is difficult to detect.
At present, wild tigers live mostly in small "island" populations. Isolated populations of this type are well-placed to inbreeding, and their exposure to the pressure of advancing civilization and increasing poaching. Keeping intact "Tiger Island" among the most densely populated countries in the world is possible, but gives little hope for their genetic viability and long-term survival. Hence the need to protect key natural areas connected by biological corridors, ensuring tygrysom sufficiently large tracts of the environment suitable for life and reproduction.
The priority areas offer the greatest chance
for tiger conservation.
Strategy and action plan for the tigers, WWF --
Conserving Tigers in the Wild: A WWF Framework
Strategy for Action 2002-2010 - identifies seven key areas where the chances of long-term conservation of tigers are the largest
and four secondary areas, creating good conditions for protection. In each of these core areas, WWF intends to establish and maintain effective areas for tiger conservation, to reduce poaching of tigers and their prey, to eliminate trade parts of their bodies and their products wyrabianymi create the incentive system that would encourage
local communities and other people to protect tigers.
In September will be an international summit involving all the 13 countries where tigers live. Come to Vladivostok, Heads of State. If the leaders to commit themselves publicly to fight for protection of tigers, it will have to actually do something about this case. Participants of the meeting aiming at doubling the number of tigers in the next 12 years, so we can celebrate next year the Tiger in the world where there will be more of these animals.
Beguilingly beautiful and predatory tigers are up to 30 years completely disappear from the face of the earth. Number of tigers in the wild is now 3200, while in the early twentieth century, it was 100 thousand. Arithmetic and graphs suggest that in the next Year of the Tiger - 2022 - would no longer be reproducing the same population of tigers. Approaching a turning point. There comes a time when wild species are like, but really dying. Its total extinction is only a matter of time. In the parlance of environmentalists, such species are called the living corpses