Some ethnic groups have their republic in Russia, the Soviet creations yet, once equipped with the autonomy of the facade, and now aspiring to true. The official name of Russia - Russian Federation - is reflected in the fact that the country consists of 89 units with some degree of autonomy: 21 półautonomicznych republics (riespubliki) and 68 wards (oblast) and "countries". About two-thirds of these entities is in European Russia, and the rest of the Ural Mountains.
Republic are the legacy of the Soviet system of nominally autonomous republics, created to live within Russia's national minorities. Adjacent to Russia proper or forming an enclave in the midst of its territory, współtworzyły Russian Federation, RSFSR, which in turn was a member of the Soviet Union.
Several of them are distinct in many respects, the countries that have developed their own, to the exotic lifestyles of other Russians. The best example is the case of Tatarstan. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, all these republics have emphasized more strongly or less their autonomy in the Russian. Most radically preserved Chechnya, which unilaterally proclaimed full independence. Yeltsin as Russian president has an agreement with the republics, the centrifugal calming efforts, and in 1993 constitution granted rights similar to the status of the republics, all circuitry and "countries", acting at the same time that federal law in any case prevail over local laws.
Ok. 80% of the European part of Russia are ethnic Russians. The rest belong to dozens of smaller nations speaking distinct languages and professing different religions. This produced a mosaic of nationalities centuries of migrations, and in the last century, war and mass displacement.
Siberia and the Far East occupy 75% of the territory of Russia, but it is inhabited by only about 30 million people (22% of the total population of Russia). Russians constitute a majority indigenous population, the rest are Ukrainians, Tatars, Germans and smaller groups of different peoples of the former USSR, resulting during the years of the prisoners, exiles, researchers and ordinary settlers.