Saint Patrick, irl. Pádraig Mac Calprainn, Naomh Pádraig, Pádraig Naofaur (c. 385-389, died. 461) - bishop of Ireland, holy Catholic and Orthodox Church (scs. Swiatitiel Patrik, jepiskop Irłandskij). He was a missionary and organizer of religious life in Ireland, is now its patron. He was born in 385 (according to other sources 389). Probably came from the areas of Wales today, although the place of birth is sometimes also considered Bannavem Taberniae on the west coast of Britain. The origin was the United Kingdom. Born into a family of priests, was the son of a deacon and the grandson of a priest. When he was sixteen years old, were abducted and sold him into slavery in Ireland (they had to do Irowie), where he worked as a shepherd. During the six years of residence, where he is seriously matters of faith. After this period, succeeded him to escape and cross the boat to the mainland to Gaul. Shortly afterwards he was ordained. When you intend to return to their homeland, had a vision in a dream in which he heard the call to return to Ireland, and proclaim there faith in Christ. Perhaps Patrick spent the first few years in the convent of Lerins. Preparing for the priesthood probably in Gaul, learning from St. Germana of Auxerre. He was also reportedly close relatives St. Martin of Tours and was under his spiritual influence. Missionary activity began in 431, became bishop in 432. It was then that he returned to Ireland as a missionary bishop.
Jobs St. Patrick has led to the evangelization of northern, central and western parts of the island and the introduction of an organized church activities. He founded many churches, including cathedral and monastery in Armagh . He himself led a very strict religious life. It is too famous for many miracles of life, which contributed to the conversion of the Irish. According to legend, ślepcom sight restored, animated dead, and freed from the scourge of Ireland's snakes. At the end of life made the baptism of the country. He died probably in 461, the O holy life, we learn from his own Confessions and Letter to Korotyka . Relics of St. Patrick has been destroyed by the Protestant English.
The above dates are merely traditional, and the dates they should be regarded as approximate. To a large extent the same applies to the events. Especially date of death of St. Patrick is one of the most controversial in the history of early medieval Ireland .