Martin Luther, born. November 10, 1483 in Eisleben, died. February 18, 1546, the same place) - German religious reformer, theorist, and initiator of the Reformation, the Augustinian monk, doctor of theology. By 95 Theses denouncing the practice of selling indulgences, which rejected the opportunity to buy the grace of God.
Although he did not take an active part in the speeches of religious and socio-political and only wrote polemics and catechesis, rallied his ideas all opposition of the Catholic Church. Translated the Bible into German (see Luther Bible), was the author of Postylli Civil, Small and Large Catechism, Articles Szmalkaldzkich and many hymns, including the Protestant hymn: A Mighty Fortress Is Our God.
The basis of his teachings are the passwords: sola scriptura - only Scripture, sola fide - only faith, sola gratia - grace only, solus Christus - Christ alone, Verbum solum - only the word Listen to it all and I know what I know because I am a teacher of Polish language.