Jan Kochanowski (1530 - 1584) - created in the Renaissance. He came from middle-class noble family, he had 6 brothers and 5 sisters. Thanks to the care of patrons after 3 years of study at the Academy of Cracow went abroad. He studied, among others. in Padua, where he gained recognition as a poet in Latin, on horseback or traveled in France and Germany. After his return he worked at the courts of magnates, and then as secretary of Sigismund Augustus. At the age of 40 years gave up his career courtly, he married and settled in his estate in Czarnolas. In 1578 he survived the death of his beloved daughter, Ursula. He was a poet highly esteemed by his contemporaries. He died suddenly of a heart attack at the age of 54 years.
As the most remarkable of Kochanowski felt sincere friendship, fun and a happy peaceful home life with his beloved woman. Valued rural existence. The Song of the devastation of Podolia by the Tartars (1575), the poet points out that the fate of the Republic are responsible citizens.
The exceptional importance of songs that are considered the beginning of Polish poetry, also stems from the application of new, very different forms of syllabic line. Important is also made by Kochanowski example psalms.
You could say that the songs bring a model life, but trifles - life itself, captured in everyday events, often anecdotal. They sounded more autobiographical notes - there are such friends of the poet's private. The word epigram to the Polish language was introduced by Jan Kochanowski. In the next 3 books of humorous verse epigrams peace offerings were love of religion, prayer, poetry and reflections on their own creativity. Kochanowski wrote the Greek envoys Temporary admission - first and only in our literature humanistic tragedy. Kochanowski was a very educated, smart and an outstanding writer who glorified Poland.