Holy Resurrection, also called Easter, is the most important moment in the annual cycle of liturgical church. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the most important event, the foundation of Christianity, a testimony to the victory, the triumph of life over death.
The early Christians, originally the followers of Mosaic and the culture of Judaism did not reject the system of the Jewish year, divided into weeks and holidays synagogue.
The largest Jewish holiday - Passover, we all recognize as a prediction of the Passover (Easter). Community Christian worship day of the resurrection of Christ already in the earliest times, before the dispersal of the apostles, carrying the Gospel teaching to different parts of the world.
Easter Church has solemnly celebrated in the second century.
The celebration of the resurrection of the annual memorabilia are preceded by a period of preparation called Lent.
Cycle czterdziestodniowego Lent begins Ash Wednesday called. Ash Wednesday.
The priest sprinkled on that day the faithful head a little ash, obtained from burned palm branches last year. Adoption of ash means the humble recognition of human weakness and the willingness of internal renewal.
Fasting is a time to facilitate a meeting with the faithful by the grace of God, learn to master internal discipline and desire. During Lent, personal and communal prayer takes on specific forms related to the passion of Jesus. Hundreds of years has the habit of celebrating the Stations of the Cross devotions. The service commemorates the passage through the streets of Jerusalem, Christ carrying the cross. Way of the Cross, traditionally celebrated on Friday, is considering the Passion while crawling symbolic route traced fourteen crosses showing the individual episodes described in the Gospel.
About the passion and death of Christ shall also Lenten Lamentations - Polish native worship, celebrated on Sunday of Lent. The service begins as a song about motives, calling the faithful to a deep experience of Jesus' sacrifice on the Cross, it consists of three parts, each of which contains three songs, made a brief giving intentions. Lent is a time in which retreats are organized and present mystery.
Last week of Lent begins Palm Sunday, which recalls Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem. That day saints in the church bought or hand made Easter palm. They are usually willow twigs or bukszpanowe which adorns the colorful, dry flowers and ribbons. Formerly it was believed that the Easter palm will protect humans, animals, houses and fields before the magic, fire and all forms of evil. In some Polish parts of the day preparing sumptuous, several meters palms. Particularly beautiful are the palm trees and highland Kurpian.
Holy Week was a time to organize their own homes but the interior through a series of posts and mortification. Blessed water and fire, prepared Easter eggs. During the recollection of the faithful worship wielkotygodniowych events of the last days of Christ. This happens even today.
On Holy Thursday the church bells fall silent, to speak again on Easter Saturday. In the cathedrals of bishops shine on this day oil, needed for the award of the Sacrament of Baptism, Confirmation and the Sacrament of the sick. In other temples Mass is the Lord's Supper. After the liturgy of the Word of feet washing ceremony followed by twelve boys or adult men. Clad in white, the priest pours water and scraped their feet with a towel. This gesture symbolizes the active involvement in God's love and refers to the commandment to love one's neighbor. The Eucharistic Liturgy of Holy Thursday commemorates the moment of establishment of the Blessed Sacrament - transubstantiation of bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ. After the solemn Holy Communion of the faithful the Blessed Sacrament is moved to the so-called. adoration chapel, and the tabernacle of the eternal light goes out.
Formerly in the Holy Thursday shine boys' drowning of Judas "or straw dummy dressed in rags tossed into the river and throwing mud at her lumps and stones. The girls and the dark pretending to the nearest running water to bathe in it. Indeed, it was believed that the water takes on Holy Thursday przysparzania girls under extraordinary smoothness.
Good Friday is devoted to przeżyciom, linked to the passion and death of Christ. On that date, apply the faithful preservation of strict fasting. On Good Friday is not celebrated the Mass, the faithful read a comprehensive description of the Passion of Christ, followed by Adoration of the Cross. On Good Friday boiled eggs hard-boiled and then painted on them, starches patterns or glued. Such Easter eggs can play in fights, "or hit your egg in a colleague. The winner is the person whose egg does not beat the.
On Holy Saturday all day loading adoration of Christ in the tomb complex. Preparing that day Święconka, which are small portions of food that will be later on the holiday table. Święconka inserted in the basket adorned with green leaves and white doilies it looks like the church, the priest to bless. In Święconce Easter eggs can be found, of course, to symbolize the beginning and the source of life, bread, meats, salt, pepper, and sometimes cake.
Easter Sunday is a happy, long-awaited day that is spent in the family circle. This day begins the morning Mass known as the Resurrection, which is preceded by a solemn procession with the Blessed Sacrament around the church. After the morning Mass on Christmas eats breakfast, during which family members made a wish to share Easter egg. Among the delicacies for the holiday table can not fail to lambs and Easter bunnies made from sugar, butter, or baked in cakes and Easter the women and mazurkas.
The second day of Christmas or Easter Monday, also called lanym Monday brings much laughter and fun for children. On that day, because boys and girls is surrounded with water. This Easter is a bath-dyngus śmigus. Today it is difficult to say what was the meaning of the habit of pouring the water. Probably it was an act of cleansing and strengthening the forces of reproduction. Therefore, on this day let even sprinkle with water.