Danzig beginnings date back to the IX century. The literature was first mentioned in "The Life of St. Adalbert" whether written by John Canaparius in 999 On the initiative of lives and about 975 years on the river bank Motława castle was built with the port.
Gdańsk received city rights in 1236 at the hands of Pomeranian Duke Svatopluk II. In 1308 the town is taken over by the Teutonic Knights, and under their pressure in 1440, the town annexed to the Prussian Union.
After the war, 13 years thanks to which Poland is recovered Pomerania, Warmia, Żuławy and Chelmno, Gdańsk in 1454, returns to the Polish act issued by the incorporation of Casimir's Polish Prussia. The privileges granted to the city in 1457 by King Casimir allow for the next 300 years flourish Gdansk.
Golden years of the city dates back to the seventeenth century - was one of the largest and richest in Europe. Built at that time the most splendid buildings of the city. In the eighteenth century came to a standstill as a result of economic Swedish wars. In 1734 the town was besieged by Russian troops - Saxon, which ended with the surrender of Danzig and the huge unpaid contributions.
In 1772, some estates and the new port of Gdansk were taken over by Prussia. January 23, 1793 Prussia, made a conquest of Danzig. In 1807, following the Napoleonic wars there began a period of the first Free City of Danzig. After the Congress of Vienna in 1815 was connected back to Prussia. By the Treaty of Versailles in 1920, Gdańsk again became a Free City. September 1, 1939 there was an attack on the Germans and the Polish Post Westerplatte, which started World War II. March 30, 1945, he returned to Polish Gdańsk. The city, however, was destroyed in 80%.
In 1970 there was a strike at the Gdansk shipyard led to the many victims of arson and the building of the Communist Party KW. The agreement of August 1980 ended a wave of protests and labor strikes. This arrangement ensured the creation of independent trade unions.
Today, Gdańsk has approximately 500 000 inhabitants, is an important center of industry and cultural life.